Sunday, December 6, 2015

Desert Recon--Recent Entries--

2015 (4)

Aleppo to Latakia Railroad


DY to u NAN
ALEPPO, Syria — (AP) Labor- I pierce several tunnels, with a to- puts the line through Raqqa in tal legth of about six miles, and central Syria where a spur would ers are slowly forging a new ' [erect several bridges. This is why run down to Deir ez Zor. Offic-Middle Eastern rail link which:the initial stretch will be so cost- ials even think of extending this will make the Syrian port of La-  takia a serious rival to the Leb-I yand take so much time. spur some day across the Iraqi anese port of Beirut East, from Aleppo. a decision desert to Baghdad, giving West-on the new railways' exact route ern Syria a inure direct line to Starting a few miles south of must await a decision on another the Iraqi capital. here on the existing north-south major Syrian economic develop- "Of course," said one official, line through Aleppo, the new rail- mein project, the proposed dam "our two countries (the UAR and way will eventually link this larg- or dams on the Euphrates river. Iraq) are not now on very friend-est city of Syria and its industrial Soviet engineers, under an old ply terms. But that situation won't center with Latakia 130 miles Russian aid agreement, are sur- last forever, and we must look away. I ve•ing sites. ahead and think of the needs of The tentative route to the east the future.
President Nasser of the United Arab Republic formally launched construction this year when he drove a symbolic first spike at the village of Oudehi, about 12 miles south of Aleppo, where the new line will swing out westward to the Mediterranean coast. Construction of such a railroad, coupled with the development of 1.atakia as an eastern Mediter-ranean port, has long been high on Syria's economic list. Nasser reaffirmed it when Egypt and Syria merged in the OAR two years ago. Yugoslav engineers are giving Latakia modern port facilities, and the rail line will fulfill the other half of the plan. The present project also calls for building a rail line from Aleppo eastward to Kamishli 320 miles away in the far northeast-ern corner of Syria at the Turk-ish border. This would open up the_ fertile and sparsely-settled regions of northeastern Syria to greater cul-tivation. It would give farmers there cheaper, more direct access to markets elsewhere in the UAR. Rut officials agree their first and more urgent task is to con-nect Aleppo with Latakia. The two cities now are connected only by highway. At present, much of Aleppo's commerce funnels south-ward to Beirut and Tripoli, an-other Leuanese port,( on the railroad which runs through lla-ma and Horns and then veers westward into Lebanon. This first stage is also the most difficult because of the moun-tainous terrain between here and the coast. Officials estimate the construction time at four or five years ,and the cost at 55 million dollars.
This figure represents half of E the total cost for building the I much longer eastern part of the new line from Latakia to Ham-ishli. Once the Latakia-Aleppo section is laid, it will be ..rela-tively simple to lay out a right-of-way to the cast across plains and desert. Officials say the whole line, totaling about 450 miles, can be finished in less than seven years.. 1 Before engineers and workers I can reach the coast, they must

Chuck Yeager Breaks Sound Barrier in Bell XS-1


Sound Barrier Pierced Many Times by U. S. Air Force Plane: Symington

WASHINGTON. June 10.—(11'1—The air force's XS-1 rock-et plane has flown "much fast-er than the speed of sound many times." Air Secretary W. Stuart Symington announced today. The original supersonic flight was made last October at the Muroc, Calif air force base. Subsequent test flights all have been made there. The speed of sound is about 760 miles an hour at sea level. Yeager New Are Symington made the announce-ment at a press conference. Air ex-perts called the supersonic flight the greatest achievement in flight history since the Kitty Hawk, N C., flight of the Wright brothers. Capt. Churls; „g"Xaggr,25:year-old air force ave, became the first human bring in history to fly fast-er than sound. Undoubtedly the plane was fly-ing at a high altitude. The speed of sound decreases with increased height. For example, the speed of sound at 40,000 feet is 660 miles per hour.
Rest Se-act Symington said he could not re-veal more about the flight because of national security. He said any de-tails might give other nations the benefit of air force research. While Symington did not claim any altitude or speed iccords, the rocket plane obviously shattered
unofficially all existing world speed records. "The information that the XS-1 has flown faster than the speed of sound many times is all the air force can release with regard to the performance," Symington said. The XS-1 is a small, straight-winged plane with a needle nose (Turn 11 Pap. Q. Column 4)

Short Flight Under full power, the XS-1 will stay aloft only about 21/2 minutes and probably will fly little more than 100 miles from take-off to landing. It is the most rugged plane ever built. It was designed to withstand the tremendous forces that exert themselves in the supersonic realm. From the XS-1 and its contem-poraries—some flying, some build-ing—science is getting the knowl-edge to build supersonic ainrcratt that will wage future wars high in the upper atmosphere, far out of sight and hearing of earth-bound tolk. Many Instruments While the XS-1 is designed for 80.000-foot altitude. one of its suc-cessors is being designed reported-ly for 200,000 feet. The tiny bell rocket plane is crammed with miraculous instru-ments, which record what happens in flight and send messages to the ground for analysis by scientists. ' Fully loaded, it weighs 13,069 pounds, but 8000 of these pounds are taken up by the fuel burned in the four-cylinder rocket motor. While the XS-1 was designed for 1700 miles per hour at 80,000 feet. Its present power plane is supposed
to push it a "mere" 1000 miles an hour at 60,000 leet—more than one and one-half times the speed of sound at that altitude. The plane is fairly conventional —one of the reasons military se-curity officers tried to keep it un-der wraps in recent months, al-though at first they freely demon-strated it in subsonic flight They eventwilly decided that other coun-tries believed supersonic flight could not be achieved without swepthack wings. They did not wish to disabuse them of that no-tion. The theory is that swept wings delay and reduce the effects of compressibility, or shock waves, and thus make for a smoother pas-sage into the supersonic region.

Soviet Union Launches Sputnik Into LEO--

  2015 (14)

Peace Eye Cafe--This Week

  2015 (10)